What is Bacterial Endocarditis?


This is an infection of the lining of your heart on the inner side that usually will affect the values of your heart. If you were born with birth defects that are congential this is the area that this infection will attack. This type of birth defect includes defects to the tendons affixed to the heart, the left and right side of the heart has a hole, or endocardium. This condition will affect men more than it does women. It this infection sets in immediately it is called acute bacterial endocarditis, which can lead to heart damage that can be severe.

It can go undetected for weeks or even months. Around your endocardium, in the area of the constant diarrhea damaged valves is where the bacterial cells start to grow. It can be fatal in ten to seventy percent of the cases but is normally a treatable condition that needs prompt medical cases.

Causes

One of the causes includes strains of streptococci bacterium. Patients who are on medication given in their veins are the ones most likely to develop this condition and the reason is that they may use syringes that are not sterile, which give the bacteria entry into your blood stream directly. The bacteria will go to the heart thus causing an infection around the endocardium. Other reasons could be from gastrointestinal procedures, pelvic or urinary surgeries, or dental infections. In addition to people who have congenital heart disease, other that are at risk are those who have prosthetic heart valve, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, rheumatic valve dysfunction, and others.

Symptoms

Normally the infection has no certain symptoms but there are several symptoms that can indicate this infection is present. Some of these symptoms/indicators include:

A fever of around one hundred two degrees

Fahrenheit is the most usual sign

Having a Headache

Feeling Chilled

Having Weakness

Being Malaise

Coughing

Having Breathing problems

Having pain in the joints

Loosing your appetite

Osler’s nodes on the toes and fingers

Petechiae hemorrhages under your toe and finger nails

If an emboli reach your brain it could lead to you having stroke symptoms such as numbness, weakness, and paralysis. The kidneys may also get damaged and can lead to urine that is bloody. An enlarged spleen is another sign.

Diagnosis

If the person who has aliments of the heart starts to show signs of hemorrhages, a spleen that is enlarged, damage to your kidneys, etc can indicate that you have this infection. Your physician will listen for a heart murmur with his stethoscope. A blood test may be done to find out if this bacteria is causing this infection. To detect any structure abnormalities in your heart wall, blood regurgitation through your heart valves, growth of abnormal tissues, etc can be detected using echocardiography.

Treatment

Treatment for bacterial endocarditis using antibiotics to destroy the bacterial germs is one way. Because dental infections can be one of the causes of this infection one way to protect yourself is to ask your dentist for the antibiotic Amoxicillin to take before you have any procedure in which you might bleed and have open area.

The Amoxicillin dental dosage for a child is fifty milligrams and for an adult is two grams an hour before you have the procedure done. If you are diagnosed with this infection/condition, you may have to be put in the hospital and give antibiotics intravenously. Usually within one week most patients will respond to the antibiotics. If there is damage to your heart valve you may have to have surgery. There are cases in which the bacteria become resistant to antibiotics and if this happens, the antibiotics will be changed and so will the dosage.